Top 10 Best Practices for Building Explainable AI Systems

Are you tired of black box AI systems that leave you guessing about how they make decisions? Do you want to build AI systems that are transparent, interpretable, and trustworthy? If so, you're in the right place! In this article, we'll share with you the top 10 best practices for building explainable AI systems. These practices are based on our experience working with various AI systems and our research on the latest techniques related to explaining ML models and complex distributed systems. So, let's get started!

1. Define Explainability Requirements

The first step in building an explainable AI system is to define the explainability requirements. What level of transparency and interpretability do you need for your system? What are the potential risks and ethical concerns associated with your system? What are the regulatory requirements that you need to comply with? By answering these questions, you can establish a clear understanding of the explainability requirements for your system.

2. Use Interpretable Models

The choice of model is critical to the explainability of an AI system. While deep learning models have achieved state-of-the-art performance in many domains, they are often considered black boxes due to their complexity. Instead, consider using interpretable models such as decision trees, linear models, or rule-based systems. These models are easier to understand and explain, and they can provide insights into how the system makes decisions.

3. Provide Contextual Information

To make AI systems more interpretable, it's important to provide contextual information about the data and the model. This information can include data distributions, feature importance, model architecture, and hyperparameters. By providing this information, users can better understand how the system works and how it arrived at its decisions.

4. Use Visualization Techniques

Visualization techniques can be powerful tools for explaining AI systems. They can help users understand complex data and model structures, identify patterns and anomalies, and explore the decision-making process. Some popular visualization techniques include heatmaps, scatter plots, decision trees, and network graphs.

5. Explain Individual Predictions

One of the most important aspects of explainable AI is the ability to explain individual predictions. Users need to understand why the system made a particular decision for a specific input. This can be achieved by providing feature importance scores, highlighting relevant data points, or generating natural language explanations.

6. Test for Robustness and Fairness

Explainable AI systems should be tested for robustness and fairness. Robustness refers to the ability of the system to perform consistently across different data distributions and scenarios. Fairness refers to the absence of bias or discrimination in the system's decision-making process. By testing for these properties, you can ensure that your system is trustworthy and reliable.

7. Involve Domain Experts

Domain experts can provide valuable insights into the data and the model, and they can help validate the system's decisions. By involving domain experts in the development process, you can ensure that the system is aligned with the domain knowledge and that it meets the user's needs.

8. Document the System

Documentation is essential for building explainable AI systems. It should include information about the data, the model, the algorithms, and the decision-making process. It should also provide examples of how the system works and how it can be used. By documenting the system, you can ensure that users have access to the information they need to understand and trust the system.

9. Provide User Feedback

User feedback is critical for improving the explainability of AI systems. Users should be able to provide feedback on the system's decisions, the explanations provided, and the overall user experience. By incorporating user feedback, you can improve the system's transparency, interpretability, and usability.

10. Continuously Monitor and Improve

Finally, it's important to continuously monitor and improve the system. This can be achieved by collecting feedback from users, monitoring the system's performance, and updating the system as needed. By continuously improving the system, you can ensure that it remains transparent, interpretable, and trustworthy over time.


Building explainable AI systems is essential for ensuring transparency, interpretability, and trustworthiness. By following these top 10 best practices, you can build AI systems that are transparent, interpretable, and trustworthy. So, what are you waiting for? Start building your explainable AI system today!

Editor Recommended Sites

AI and Tech News
Best Online AI Courses
Classic Writing Analysis
Tears of the Kingdom Roleplay
Cloud Blueprints - Terraform Templates & Multi Cloud CDK AIC: Learn the best multi cloud terraform and IAC techniques
ML Models: Open Machine Learning models. Tutorials and guides. Large language model tutorials, hugginface tutorials
LLM Prompt Book: Large Language model prompting guide, prompt engineering tooling
Dart Book - Learn Dart 3 and Flutter: Best practice resources around dart 3 and Flutter. How to connect flutter to GPT-4, GPT-3.5, Palm / Bard
Coin Payments App - Best Crypto Payment Merchants & Best Storefront Crypto APIs: Interface with crypto merchants to accept crypto on your sites